Antibiotics come out of two extremes Expert: teach you to identify the correct use
The common cold that our parents often say is mainly the common cold. The common cold is a common respiratory infection. Common symptoms include high fever, headache, vomiting, fatigue, and muscle soreness.
The common cold is self-limiting, that is, the disease can automatically recover after it develops to a certain extent. The common cold is mostly viral, and the general antibiotics are only effective against infections caused by bacteria. The virus can be said to be "incapable of doing anything". Therefore, in most cases, children who have a common cold do not need to use antibiotics for treatment.
Bacterial infection, please help with antibiotics
Antibiotics should be used if the child has a cold with a bacterial infection. Such as: when the cold is complicated by purulent tonsillitis, otitis media, sinusitis, bronchitis and pneumonia, shortness of breath, cough and jaundice. The fever continued to decline, and the total number of white blood cells and the percentage of neutrophils in the blood were significantly increased or the rapid CRP in the peripheral blood was significantly increased, all of which suggested bacterial infection, requiring the use of antibiotics. Or the first blood picture is normal but the review is significantly increased after three days, and antibiotics should also be used.
Don't use antibiotics as anti-inflammatory drugs
If the child has a fever, the parents will let the child take anti-inflammatory drugs. In fact, in a professional medical book, no book will call antibiotics an anti-inflammatory drug. The correct name is antibacterial drugs against specific infections caused by antibiotic-sensitive bacteria such as bacteria or mycoplasma.
After the use of antibiotics to control the infection caused by the sensitive bacteria, the inflammation caused by the infection of these sensitive bacteria naturally disappears. The result of anti-inflammatory is accompanied by the fight against antibiotics and sensitive bacteria and victory. In other words, if the child's inflammation is not caused by sensitive bacteria, the use of antibiotics does not play an anti-inflammatory role.
Many parents will ask: "What are the anti-inflammatory drugs?" Clinically, the following two types of drugs are often called anti-inflammatory drugs. One type is the hormone we often say, such as cortisone, hydrocortisone, and dexamethasone. Etc; the other is anti-inflammatory painkillers, such as ibuprofen, aspirin and so on. Inflammation of the scorpion caused by a child's cold, etc., does not require the use of anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce inflammation. Resting well, improving immunity can achieve self-healing effect, which is often said to be "good for a week, no medicine for seven days." Eating or not taking medicine is the same course.
If the child has a cold with fever, wilting or vomiting, diarrhea, shortness of breath, or although the mental state is good but the fever is more than one week, or the cough is severe and phlegm, parents should promptly take the child to the hospital for treatment. The doctor will judge whether it is necessary to use. Antibiotics, so as not to delay the disease. The child is still in the stage of growth and development. The type, dosage and course of antibiotics should be controlled by the doctor. Parents must not go to the pharmacy to purchase antibiotics for their children.
There are two misunderstandings with antibiotics
Misunderstanding 1: If you are better, you will stop taking the medicine.
After taking a few days of medicine, the child’s cold symptoms seem to be better than half, but the doctor’s medicine has not been eaten yet, especially antibiotics. Many parents will be guilty. At this time, many parents think that they can eat less if they eat less. One day, after all, "is a three-point drug." In fact, the symptoms are better than half, and it may be that the pathogenic bacteria in the body temporarily lose their vitality under the action of drugs. If the antibiotics are stopped prematurely, the pathogenic bacteria will multiply rapidly. This will prolong the course of the disease and will also accelerate the development of resistance to pathogens.
Misunderstanding 2: The more expensive the better the effect
Many people think that using a good antibiotic is a good condition, and the side effects are relatively small. It doesn't matter if you spend more money. In fact, antibiotics should be targeted, antibacterial, narrow, safe, and not more advanced. The so-called "higher" antibiotics are not necessarily more effective than some low-cost "lower" antibiotics for certain pathogens. The use of expensive, not only will not reduce side effects, but will lead to the abuse of antibiotics, increase drug resistance.
In short, there is no absolute thing in the world. Antibiotics are not a panacea or a savage beast. We should correctly understand antibiotics and use antibiotics reasonably.